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Traditional African medicine is an alternative medicine discipline 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets indigenous herbalism and African spirituality, typically involving divinersmidwives, and herbalists. Practitioners of traditional African medicine claim to be able to cure various and diverse conditions such as cancers, psychiatric disorders, high blood pressure, choleramost venereal diseases, epilepsy, asthma, eczema, fever, anxiety, depression, benign prostatic hyperplasiaurinary tract infections, gout, and healing of wounds and burns and even Ebola.
Diagnosis is reached through spiritual means and a treatment is prescribed, usually consisting of a herbal remedy that is considered to have not only healing abilities but also symbolic and spiritual significance. Traditional African medicine, 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets its belief that illness is not derived from chance occurrences, but through spiritual or social imbalance, differs greatly from modern scientific medicinewhich is technically and analytically based.
In the 21st century, modern pharmaceuticals and medical procedures remain inaccessible to large numbers of African people due to their relatively high cost and concentration of health facilities in urban centres. Before the establishment of science-based medicine, traditional medicine was the dominant medical system for millions of people in Africa but the arrival of the Europeans was a noticeable turning point in the history of this ancient tradition and culture.
The geographical reach of this article is sub-saharan Africa. Though, of course neighbouring medical traditions influenced traditional African medicine. 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets has, in the past, considered methods of traditional knowledge as primitive and backward. During this time, attempts were also made to control the sale of herbal medicines.
As colonialism and Christianity spread through Africa, colonialists built general hospitals and Christian missionaries built private ones, with the hopes of making headway against widespread diseases. Little was done to investigate the legitimacy of these practices, as many foreigners believed that the native medical practices were pagan and superstitious and could only be suitably fixed by inheriting Western methods according to Onwuanibe. In recent years, the treatments and remedies used in traditional African medicine have gained more appreciation from researchers in science.
Developing countries have begun to realize the high costs of modern health care systems and the technologies that are required, thus proving Africa's dependence to it. The diagnoses and chosen methods of treatment in traditional African medicine rely heavily on spiritual aspects, often based on the belief that psycho-spiritual aspects should be addressed before medical aspects.
In African culture, it is believed that "nobody becomes sick without sufficient reason. For example, sickness is sometimes said to be attributed to guilt by the person, family, or village for a sin or moral infringement. The illness, therefore, would stem from the displeasure of the gods or God, due to an infraction of universal moral law.
When a person falls ill, a traditional practitioner uses incantations to make a diagnosis. Incantations are thought to give the air of mystical and cosmic connections. Divination is typically used if the illness is not easily identified, otherwise, the sickness may be quickly diagnosed and given a remedy. If divination is required, then the practitioner will advise the patient to consult a diviner who can further give a diagnosis and cure.
Contact with the spirit world through divination often requires not only medication, but sacrifices. Traditional practitioners use a wide variety of treatments ranging from "magic" to biomedical methods such as fasting and 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets, herbal therapies, bathing, massageand surgical procedures. Animals are also sometimes used to transfer the illness to afterward. Some cultures also rub hot herbal ointment across the patient's eyelids to cure headaches.
Malaria is treated by both drinking and using the steam from an herbal mixture. Fevers are often treated using a steam bath. Also, vomiting is induced, or emeticsin an attempt to cure some diseases. For example, raw beef is soaked in the drink of an alcoholic person to induce vomiting and nausea and treat alcoholism. In the Bight of Beninthe natives have been known to use the fat of a boa constrictor to allegedly cure gout and rheumatismand it also is thought to relieve chest pain when rubbed into the skin.
Africa is endowed with many plants that can be used for medicinal purposes to which they have taken full advantage. In fact, out of the approximated plant species used in tropical Africa, more than are used as medicinal plants. Not only are plants used and chosen for their healing abilities, but they also often have symbolic and spiritual significance.
For example, leaves, seeds, and twigs that are white, black and red are seen as especially symbolic or magical and possess special properties. Baijnath, Department of Biological and Conservation Sciences; University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, Durban, South Africa to examine the effectiveness of 16 plants growing in Africa's KwaZulu-Natal region, concluding that eight plant extracts may hold value for treating high blood pressure hypertension.
Of the 16 plants, Amaranthus dubiusAmaranthus hybridusAsystasia gangeticaGalinsoga parvifloraJusticia flavaOxygonum sinuatumPhysalis 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tabletsand Tulbaghia violacea were found to have some positive effects, with the latter proving to be the most promising with Dating sites african american professionals Spartan Motors: Problem Solving Report (4 Minutes) ability to lower one's blood pressure.
Some people in GrahamstownSouth Africa use traditional plants and weeds as an alternative. The fresh leaves are made into a decoction Frau sucht mann lingen Partnersuche grafenau niederbayern, Unseriose datingseiten, Partnersuche russ is taken three times a day to treat asthmait is also used as steam.
In other parts of South Africa it is used to cure bronchitis, headaches, labour pains and hypertension.
The plant is used Dating Apps are Causing People to Lower Their Standards, Study Finds The Good Men Project extricate poison or diseases from a sick person. It is believed the plant sucks out the cause of the illness in itself.
Fresh leaves fare used as a bandage that soothes pain and swelling. It's also used as an antiseptic after circumcision. With the latter, the plant is only used once, it should not be used repetitively as it can be harmful due to its potency. The fresh leaves are also applied on boils twice a day. This root is used on infants suffering from restlessness or constipation. It is used as a root decoction.
Adults also use the decoction to treat constipation. It is 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets to 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets kidney pains in adults. The root is mixed with the roots of emex australis inkunzane.
Two teaspoons of the decoction are taken twice a day. It is also administered to babies with colic using two drops a day. The roots are boiled in water and drunk as tea twice a day. Also, it is used to treat gonococcal infection and urinary problems caused by sexual intercourse. It is used to treat sores between toes and the fingers, these sores are caused by igazi elimdaka dirty blood. These toes tend to become swollen and ooze pus. The fresh leaf is baked in an open fire, the inner jelly is then used to apply on the sores.
The root infusion is put in cold water and used as a body wash. It is used to cleanse the body of misfortunes and evil. The leaf decoction is taken orally to treat fever and influenza. The leaves are added to boiling water and the steam 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets to treat fever. The plants' leaves are crushed and applied on swollen feet whose cause is attributed to poor blood circulation.
It is also used to treat kidney or liver problems. The leaves' sap is then used to treat the rash that is caused by one's contact with dirty water. This is used to treat amenorrhea caused by congenital problems, tuberculosis and malnutrition. The bark is grated and one tablespoon of the remains is mixed with ml of cold water. The mixture is taken orally once a 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets.
It is used to treat amafufunyana,  amafufunyana is described is described by Ngubane as an extreme form of depression coupled with psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hysteria, violent outburst and suicide ideations.
The roots are mixed with other medications to treat amafufunyana. This root decoction is mixed with the roots of the rubus pinnatus iqunube. It is administered through the use of an enema to cure kidney pain. The mixture should be used immediately as if left to stand for long it becomes harmful. It is used to treat infertility in women. The roots are cleaned, boiled in water then taken orally.
Also, it is used to wash one's body after the leaves have been soaked overnight in the bathing water. Thus bathing water is 100 free african american dating sites Stomach Tablets to protect one from evil spirits imoya emdaka.
Some healers may employ the use of charms, incantations, and the casting of spells in their treatments. The dualistic nature of traditional African medicine between the body and soul, matter, and spirit and their interactions with one another are also seen as a form of magic. Richard Onwuanibe gives one form of magic the name "Extra-Sensory-Trojection. This is referred to by the Ibos as egba ogwu. To remove the malignant object, the intervention of a second medicine man is typically required, who then removes it by making an incision in the patient.
Egba ogwu involves psychokinetic processes. Another form of magic used by these practitioners, which is more widely known, is sympathetic magicin which a model is made of the victim. Actions performed on the model are transferred to the victim, in a manner similar to the familiar voodoo doll. In African cultures, the act of healing is considered a religious act. Therefore, the healing process often attempts to appeal to God because it is ultimately God who can not only inflict sickness, but provide a cure.
Africans have a religious world view which makes them aware of the feasibility of divine or spirit intervention in healing with many healers referring to the supreme god as the source of their medical power. Kung people of the Kalahari Desert believe that the great God Hishe created all things and, therefore, controls all sickness and death.
Hishe, however, bestows mystical powers for curing sickness on certain men. Hishe presents himself to these medicine men in dreams and hallucinations, giving them curative power. Because this god is generous enough to give this power to the medicine men, they are expected to practice healing freely. Kung medicine men effect a cure by performing a tribal dance.
Kung people, Dating seiten die funktionieren SLIDES: Serialized Product Traceability for Quality Safety two books on their findings, describes the ceremonial curing dance as follows:. At the dances not only may the sick be cured, but pending evil and misfortune averted.
Kung believe that the great god may send Gauwa or the gauwas at any time with ill for someone and that these beings may be lurking awaiting their chance to inflict it. The medicine men in the dances combat them, drive them away, and protect the people.
Usually there are several medicine men performing at the same time. To cure they go into trance, which varies in depth as the ceremony proceeds
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