Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of 53, people at the Census  is spread out over 29 coral atolls ,  comprising 1, individual islands and islets. The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north, [note 2] Kiribati to the southeast, and Nauru to the south. About 27, of the islanders at the Census live on Majuro , which contains the capital. The UN also indicates a population density of per km 2 people per mi 2 and its projected population is 53,
Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of 53, people at the Census  is spread Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags over 29 coral atolls comprising 1, individual islands and islets. The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north, [note 2] Kiribati to the southeast, and Nauru to the south.
About 27, of the islanders at the Census live on Majurowhich contains the capital. The UN also indicates a population density of per km 2 people per mi 2 and its projected population is 53, Micronesian colonists reached the Marshall Islands using canoes circa 2nd millennium BCwith interisland navigation made possible using traditional stick charts.
They eventually settled here. Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar reported sighting an atoll in August The islands derive their name from British explorer John Marshallwho visited in The islands were historically known by the inhabitants as "jolet jen Anij" Gifts from God. Spain claimed the islands inand the European powers recognized its sovereignty over the islands in They had been part of the Spanish East Indies formally since Later, Spain sold some of the islands to the German Empire Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flagsand they became part of German New Guinea that year, run by the trading companies doing business in Dating cafe kleve.
Venga GmbH Cafe Lounge, Cocktailbar, Restaurant islands, particularly the Jaluit Company. Nuclear testing began in and concluded in The US government formed the Congress of Micronesia ina plan for increased self-governance of Pacific islands.
Marshall Islands has been a United Nations member state since With few natural Iserlohn girls Iserlohn women database beginning of your Iserlohn dating, the islands' wealth is based on a service economyas well as some fishing and agriculture ; aid from the United States represents a large percentage of the islands' gross domestic product.
The country uses the United States dollar as its currency. The majority Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags the citizens of the Republic of Marshall Islands, formed inare of Marshallese descent, though there are small numbers of immigrants from the United States, China, Philippinesand other Pacific islands. The two official languages are Marshallesewhich is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian languagesand English.
Evidence suggests that around 3, years ago successive waves of human migrants from Southeast Asia spread across the Western Pacific populating its many small islands. Little is known of the islands' early history. Early settlers traveled between the islands by canoe using traditional stick charts. The Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar landed there inand the archipelago came to be known as " Los Pintados " "The Painted Ones ", possibly referring to the autochthonous people first found there" Las Hermanas " "The Sisters" and " Los Jardines " "The Gardens" within the Spanish Empirefirst falling within the jurisdiction of the Viceroyalty of New Spainto then be administered directly by Madrid through the General Captaincy Profile name ideas for dating sites 23. speed dating lausanne switzerland partnervermittlung mexiko Manila in the still-Spanish Philippines upon the independence of Latin America and the dissolution of New Spain starting in They were only formally possessed by Spain for much of their colonial history, and were generally considered part of the " Carolines " present-day Federated State of Micronesia, Palau, and the US Territories of Marianas and Guam, as well as the Marshall Islands themselvesor alternatively the "Nuevas Biggest free international dating site "New Philippines".
The islands were mostly left to their own affairs except for short-lived religious missions documented in and during the 16th and 17th centuries. They were largely ignored by European powers except for cartographic demarcation treaties between the Iberian Empires Portugal and Castilian Spain inand The archipelago corresponding to the present-day country was independently named by Krusensternafter British explorer John Marshallwho visited them together with Thomas Gilbert inen route from Botany Bay to Canton two ships of the First Fleet Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags, and started establishing German and British trading posts, not formally contested by Spain.
The Marshall Islands were formally claimed by Spain in through its capital in the East Indies, The Dating Weasel: A Remedial Dating Course for Men Paperback 12 May 2015marking the start of several strategic moves by the Second Reich during the s and 80s to annex them claiming them to be "by chance unoccupied" .
This policy would culminate in a tense naval episode inwhich did not degenerate into a conflict due to the poor readiness of Spain's naval forces and the unwillingness for open military action from the German side. The Japanese headquarters was established at the German center of administration, Jaluit. On January 31, American forces landed on Kwajalein atoll and U. Marines and Army troops later took control of the islands from the Japanese on February 3, following intense fighting on Kwajalein and Enewetak atolls.
From toit served as the Pacific Proving Grounds for the United States and was the site of 67 nuclear tests on various atolls. The world's first hydrogen bombcodenamed " Mike ", was tested at the Enewetak atoll in the Marshall Islands on November 1, local date inby the United States.
Nuclear testing began in on Bikini Atoll after residents were evacuated. Over the years, 67 weapon tests were conducted, including the megaton Castle Bravo hydrogen bomb test, which produced significant fallout in the region.
The testing concluded in Over the years, just one of over 60 islands was cleaned by the US government, and the inhabitants are still waiting for the 2 billion dollars in compensation assessed by the Nuclear Claims Tribunal.
Many of the islanders and their descendants still live in exile, as the islands remain contaminated with high levels of radiation. A significant radar installation was constructed on Kwajalein atoll. On May 1,in recognition of the evolving political status of the Marshall Islands, the United States recognized the constitution of the Marshall Islands and the establishment of the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
The constitution incorporates both American and British Best dating sites in lagos PLM Resources concepts.
There have been a Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags of local and national elections since the Republic of the Marshall Islands was founded.
The United Democratic Party, running on a reform platform, won the parliamentary election, taking control of the presidency and cabinet. Despite the constitution, the Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags was largely controlled by Iroij. It was not untilfollowing political corruption allegations, that the aristocratic government was overthrown, with Imata Kabua replaced by Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags commoner Kessai Note.
The Marshall Islands sit atop ancient submerged volcanoes rising from the ocean floor, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia north of Nauru and Kiribatieast of the Federated States of Micronesiaand south of the disputed U. Twenty-four of the atolls and islands are inhabited.
Atolls are uninhabited due to poor living conditions, lack of rain, or nuclear contamination. The uninhabited atolls are:. The average altitude above sea level for the entire country is 7 feet 2. In protected waters, all shark fishing is banned and all by-catch must be released. However, some have questioned the ability Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags the Marshall Islands to enforce this zone. The Marshall Islands also lays claim to Wake Island.
The climate has a dry season from December to April and a wet season from May to November. Many Pacific typhoons begin as tropical storms in the Marshall Islands region, and grow stronger as they move west toward the Mariana Islands and the Philippines. Due to its very low elevation, the Marshall Islands are threatened by the potential effects of sea level rise. Population has outstripped the supply of freshwater, usually from rainfall. The threat of drought is commonplace throughout the island chains.
Crabs include hermit crabsand coconut crabs. Most birds found in the Marshall Islands, with the exception of those few introduced by man, are either sea birds or a migratory species. Sea birds include the black noddy and the white tern.
There are about species of fish, of which are reef fish. Historical population figures are unknown. Inthe population was estimated at about 10, In the Censusthe number of island residents was 53, Over two-thirds of the population live in the capital, Majuro and Ebeyethe secondary urban center, located in Kwajalein Atoll.
This excludes many who have relocated elsewhere, primarily to the United States. The Compact of Free Association allows them to freely relocate to the United States and obtain work there. Most of the residents are Marshallese, who are of Micronesian origin and migrated from Asia several thousand years ago. A minority of Marshallese have Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags recent Asian ancestry, mainly Japanese.
About one-half of the nation's population lives on Majurothe capital, and Ebeye, a densely populated island. Life on the outer atolls is generally traditional. The official languages of the Dating seiten profil New Zealand Historical Maori flags Islands are English and Marshallese. Both languages are widely spoken. This is mostly due to the adoption of an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise. There are no facilities for renal dialysis.
According to a report by the BBC, life expectancy is 67 years for men and 71 years for women. The government of the Marshall Islands operates under a mixed parliamentary-presidential system as set forth in its Constitution.
Majurothe capital atoll, elects five senators. The President, who is head of state as well as head of government, is elected by the 33 senators of the Nitijela. Four of the five Marshallese presidents who have been elected since the Constitution was adopted in have been traditional paramount chiefs. In Januarysenator Hilda Heine was elected by The Dating Weasel: A Remedial Dating Course for Men Paperback 12 May 2015 as the first female president of the Marshall Islands; previous president Casten Nemra lost office after serving two weeks in a vote of no confidence.
Legislative power lies with the Nitijela. The upper house of Parliament, called the Council of Iroijis an advisory body comprising twelve tribal chiefs. The executive branch consists of the President and the Presidential Cabinet, which consists of ten ministers appointed by the President with the approval of the Nitijela.
The twenty-four electoral districts into which the country is divided correspond to the inhabited islands and atolls. There are currently four political parties in the Marshall Islands: The following senators are in the legislative body:. It gives islanders the right to emigrate to the United States and to work there.
The ship had been chartered by Germany's Rickmers Ship Management, which stated that the ship contained no special cargo and no military weapons. The ship was reported to be under the control of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard according to the Pentagon. Tensions escallated in the region due to the intensifying of Saudi-led coalition attacks in Yemen.
The Pentagon reported that the destroyer USS Farragut and a maritime reconnaissance aircraft were dispatched upon receiving a distress call from the ship Tigris and it was also reported that all 34 crew members were detained.
US defense officials have said that they would review U. It was reported in May that Tehran would release the ship after it paid a penalty. While some other nations' missions for their vessels include sovereignty, protection, the terms of the Compact of Free Association restrict the Lomor to civilian missions, like fishery protection and search and rescue. Although the ancient skills are now in decline, the Marshallese were once able navigatorsusing the stars and stick-and-shell charts.
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The Perception of New Zealand and the Maori in Written Accounts . the first fifty years of New Zealand's colonial history from was therefore witnessed first . Admittedly, New Zealand has not enjoyed the same profile in early German fiction as To date, however, it has only been within the last decade or so that the. The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ), are an island country and a United States associated state near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line. The islands were historically known by the inhabitants as "jolet jen Anij". In other contexts, however, visual symbols such as ﬂags, grafﬁti, and murals can . When new historical research endangers a predominant narrative, power elites to do so by making use of commonly held categories, such as historical dates, Foto- und Kunstmanipulationen in der Sowjetunion [Stalin's retouchings.